Category Archives: Financial Stability

What is Greenwashing?

Introduction There is a fair degree of consensus that in order to prevent the worst climate damages, global net emissions of carbon dioxide need to fall by about 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching net zero around 2050. To curb the adverse effects of global warming, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change […]

The Basel Framework and Climate-related Financial Risks

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS or the Basel Committee) has undertaken a lot of work on climate-related financial risks. This blog covers three themes from BCBS’ work on this topic:   The focus on climate-related financial risks (and not the broader environment-, nature-, or ESG-related financial risks).  Addressing climate-related financial risks within the […]

Loss Absorbency of Additional Tier 1 Capital Instruments under Basel III: The Credit Suisse Case

Background: Additional Tier 1 (AT1) Capital Instruments under Basel III During the global financial crisis (2007-2009), several banks had to be rescued through capital injections by their governments which led to supporting not only the depositors but also the investors in Additional Tier 1 (AT1) and Tier 2 regulatory capital instruments. Inadequate loss-absorption by regulatory […]

Fast Payments and Combating the Evolving Threat of Frauds and Scams in Asia

The purpose of this blog is to share how fast payments in Asia can be used fraudulently and to illustrate some of counter measures that are being implemented to combat frauds and scams. Across Asia and all around the world, scams and cybercrimes have been on the rise, particularly since the global COVID-19 pandemic. This […]

Data Privacy and Financial Services: Understanding the New Normal

Due to the expanding utilisation of technology, the digital economy’s growth, and the enlarging fragmentation in the payment chain, safeguarding personal information has become a significant concern for both individuals, organisations and governments. Not only is it crucial to safeguard the privacy rights of individuals, but it also has significant implications for businesses, as data […]

Revolutionising Payment Services: The Impact of the Payment Services Directive (PSD) in the European Union and beyond

The rise of internet and mobile payments has drastically altered the way people pay for goods and services. This change is not only reflected in an increase in their share of overall payments, but also in the way our habits and preferences have evolved. Banks, payment card companies and intermediaries have responded to these changes […]

Stablecoins, Market Integration and Contagion

Stablecoins are a type of digital asset that purports to maintain a stable value by referencing physical, financial or virtual assets (FSB (2020)). They can be further differentiated into currency-based, financial instrument-based, commodity-based and crypto asset-based stablecoins. There are also algorithmic stablecoins that aim to maintain a stable value via protocols that provide for the […]

The Rise of Central Bank Digital Currencies in the Caribbean

Despite the relatively widespread adoption of mobile and internet technology in the Caribbean, retail payments[i] are characterised by “high costs and insufficient access for large swathes of the region’s population (BIS (2020)).” The lack of access to a regular bank account or to other services of financial institutions through mobile devices adversely impacts people from […]

To Bail-In or not To Bail-In: A Question for Asian Financial Policymakers

The Great Financial Crisis (GFC), which began in 2007 and whose effects persisted for a decade, spurred a cavalcade of major worldwide regulatory, supervisory, and resolution reforms for the banking sector and the broader financial sector.  In particular, the massive costs incurred by resolution and deposit insurance authorities (and ultimately, taxpayers) to clean up failed […]

Buy Now, Cry Later? A Look Into a New Phenomenon in Digital Payments and E-Commerce

Over the last few years, the growth of ‘buy now, pay later’ (BNPL) services has been exceptional. This niche product, finding itself conveniently at the intersection of the burgeoning digital payments and e-commerce spheres, and appealing to a new generation of spenders more comfortable with technology and less concerned about privacy than their predecessors, has […]